Look Back at – Glossary and organisation acronyms – Cairngorms Views

Glossary and organisation acronyms

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Glossary of terms

  • Affordable housing – housing of a reasonable quality that is affordable to people on modest incomes, including social rented accommodation, mid-market rented accommodation, shared ownership, shared equity, discounted low cost housing for sale including plots for self-build, and low-cost housing without subsidy. 
  • Cairngorms Nature Action Plan – Cairngorms Nature is a partnership for people and organisations to come together with a common desire to safeguard and enhance the outstanding nature in the Cairngorms National Park. The Action Plan describes the most important priorities over the five years between 2019 and 2024 and provides a focus for the work of partners. It has three main aims: landscape-scale conservation, focused action for priority species and involving people. Click here to read the Action plan in full
  • Circular economy – an economy in which products, services and systems are designed to maximise their value and minimise waste. It is an all-encompassing approach to life and business, where everything has value and nothing is wasted. In simple terms, it can be explained as 'make, use, remake' as opposed to 'make, use, dispose'.
  • Citizens’ assembly / jury – a representative group of citizens who are selected at random from the population to learn about, deliberate upon and make recommendations in relation to a particular issue or set of issues. 
  • Climate emergency – a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it.
  • COP15 – the UN Biodiversity Conference of the Parties, due to take place in Kunming, China from 25 April to 8 May 2022. Despite on-going efforts, biodiversity is deteriorating worldwide and this decline is projected to worsen unless urgent action is taken. COP15 will convene governments from around the world to agree a new set of goals for nature over the next decade.
  • COP26 – the 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties, due to take place in Glasgow from 1 to 12 November 2021. COP26 will bring together delegates including heads of state, climate experts and negotiators to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. 
  • Ecological network – the basic, joined up infrastructure of existing and future habitat needed to allow populations of species and habitats to survive in fluctuating conditions.
  • Heritage Horizons – a project, led by the Park Authority and involving over 45 partners, to tackle the climate emergency, protect and enhance biodiversity, and deliver meaningful improvements to people’s health and well-being across the Cairngorms National Park. Click here for more information on Heritage Horizons
  • Just transition – the concept that justice and equity should form an integral part of the transition towards a low-carbon world. 
  • Knowledge exchange – a two-way exchange between researchers and research users, to share ideas, research evidence, experiences and skills. It refers to any process through which academic ideas and insights are shared, and external perspectives and experiences are brought into academia and/or a project.
  • Local Development Plan – enables the right kind of development to happen in the right place to help deliver the aims of the Cairngorms National Park. All planning applications in the National Park are assessed against this plan. Click here to read the Local Development Plan in full
  • National Planning Framework 4 – a long-term plan for Scotland, developed by Scottish Government, that sets out where development and infrastructure is needed to support sustainable and inclusive growth. Click here to read the Framework in full.  
  • Natural capital – the world's stock of natural resources, which includes geology, soils, air, water and all living organisms. Natural capital ‘assets’ such as habitats and ecosystems provide a wide range of benefits to human well-being, known as ‘ecosystem services’.
  • Nature / biodiversity crisis – the rapid loss of species and the rapid degradation of ecosystems across the planet. Scientists predict that on our current trajectory of habitat loss and global warming, between one third and one half of all species will face extinction by the end of this century. Their disappearance will upend ecosystems and destabilise human civilisations.
  • Nature-based solutions – actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems, that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing human well-being and biodiversity benefits.
  • R100 programme for ultrafast broadband – a commitment by Scottish Government to provide access to superfast broadband of 30 Megabits per second to every home and business in Scotland.
  • Regional Land Use Framework / Partnership – a framework to help national and local government, communities, land owners and stakeholders work together to find ways to optimise land use in a fair and inclusive way, meeting local and national objectives and supporting the journey to net zero. This approach will be piloted in five locations across Scotland: the Cairngorms National Park, Highland Council area, Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, North East region (Aberdeenshire and Aberdeen City Councils), and the South of Scotland (Dumfries and Galloway and Scottish Borders Councils).
  • Regional Spatial Strategy – long-term strategy for an area of land that identifies: the need for strategic development; the outcomes to which strategic development will contribute; priorities for the delivery of strategic development; and its proposed locations, shown in the form of a map or diagram. For more detail read this factsheet.
  • Strategic Projects Review 2 – a Scotland-wide review, led by Transport Scotland, of the strategic transport network across all transport modes, including walking, wheeling, cycling, bus, rail and car, as well as reviewing wider island and rural connectivity. Click here for more information on the Strategic Projects Review.

Organisations and groups listed in this plan

  • Association of Deer Management Groups (ADMG) – the Scottish organisation established in January 1992 to represent its member Deer Management Groups, currently around 50 in number and mainly covering the open hill red deer range and adjoining land. 
  • Backbone – a leading Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic outdoor environmental education organisation acknowledged on a national and global platform for successfully addressing diversity and inclusion in the sector.
  • British Association of Shooting and Conservation (BASC) – provides advice, training and political representation on all aspects of shooting, including firearms, wildfowling, stalking, game shooting and pest control. 
  • British Deer Society (BDS) – promotes deer conservation, education, research and management best practice to ensure a healthy and sustainable deer population in balance with the environment.
  • Cairngorm Mountain (Scotland) Ltd (CMSL) – the operating company behind Cairngorm Mountain. Covering over 3,500 acres, Cairngorm Mountain has been a premium Scottish attraction for decades, appealing to nature lovers, families, walkers and climbers, and winter sports enthusiasts.
  • Cairngorms Business Partnership (CBP) – the Chamber of Commerce for businesses in the Cairngorms National Park, with over 400 members from all corners and industries of the National Park.
  • Cairngorms Connect – the UK’s largest habitat restoration project which will restore habitats and natural processes across a contiguous area of 60,000 ha in the Cairngorms National Park.
  • Cairngorms National Park Authority (CNPA) – the organisation set up to ensure that the unique aspects of the Cairngorms – the natural environment of the National Park, its wildlife and its people – are looked after, both now and in the future. The Park Authority provides leadership to all those involved in the Cairngorms and works in partnership with a range of communities, businesses, non-government organisations and public sector partners to deliver practical solutions on the ground.
  • Cairngorms Nature Partnership – an informal partnership open to people and organisations from all backgrounds, looking to deliver an ambitious action plan for nature in the National Park by 2050. 
  • Cairngorms Tourism Partnership – established in 2014 to bring together tourism businesses and organisations with key public sector partners within the National Park.
  • Cairngorms Trust – the operational name for the Cairngorms Local Action Group Trust. The Trust aims to inspire communities and visitors to support the landscapes, wildlife, local culture and economic health of the National Park, and to encourage sustainable and community-led local development.
  • Cairngorms Youth Action Team (CYAT) – a group that gives young people a platform and a voice to engage with the natural and cultural heritage of their local rural communities. The group is made up of people aged 14-26 from across the National Park who want to create positive change. 
  • Catchment Management Partnerships – bring together the interests of everyone involved with specific river catchments within the National Park, including statutory agencies, research institutions, organisations and interest groups, land managers and individual householders to help protect water quality.
  • Communities Housing Trust (CHT) – a registered charity and social enterprise focused on building sustainable rural communities across central and northern Scotland.
  • Community Development Trusts – large and small, rural and urban, mainland and island-based, communities all over Scotland are setting up development trusts to help their neighbourhoods flourish through community-led activity, partnership working and enterprise.
  • Community Land Scotland (CLS) – a charity and membership organisation for community landowners and aspiring community landowners.
  • Confederation of Forest Industries (ConFor) – the trade association for the forestry industry in the UK. It was established to represent forestry and wood-using businesses, from nurseries and growers, to wood-processing end-users.
  • Crown Estate Scotland – the public corporation of the Scottish Government responsible for the management of land and property in Scotland owned by the monarch in right of the Crown. It is responsible for a range of rural, coastal and marine assets.
  • Deer Management Groups (DMGs) – comprise groups of estates or other landholdings that share access to a discrete population or herd of deer that is managed as a common resource. Groups have been set up over the last 30 years with support from NatureScot, with the responsibility for the conservation and control of all four species of deer presently found in Scotland.
  • East Cairngorms Moorland Partnership (ECMP) – a partnership of the Park Authority and five estates across the National Park (Mar Lodge, Mar, Balmoral, Glenavon and Glenlivet) to contribute to the four aims of the National Park through moorland management. Specifically, the purpose of the partnership is to collaborate on a landscape scale across land holdings on woodland and scrub expansion, peatland restoration, raptor and other priority species conservation, and landscape enhancement.
  • Environmental Non-Governmental Organisations (eNGOs) – not-for-profit groups in the environmental sector that function independently of government, eg WWF, RSPB Scotland, Scottish Wildlife Trust etc.  
  • Equalities Advisory Forum – established in 2010 to provide informed, evidence-based feedback, guidance and advice to support the Park Authority in its commitment to equality, accessibility and inclusion. 
  • The Europarc Federation – the largest network of European Protected Areas, representing hundreds of responsible authorities and thousands of protected areas across 37 countries. 
  • Federation of Small Businesses (FSB) – a UK business organisation representing small and medium-sized businesses.
  • Forestry and Land Scotland (FLS) – the Scottish Government agency responsible for managing our national forests and land.
  • Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT) – a British charitable organisation promoting game and wildlife management as a part of nature conservation, whilst working with the shooting and hunting community.
  • Growbiz – provide free support services for anyone considering becoming self-employed, starting or growing an existing small business or social enterprise in rural Scotland.
  • Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) – the Scottish Government's economic and community development agency for the Highlands and Islands region. The agency’s role is to develop sustainable economic growth across the region.
  • Highlands and Islands Transport Partnership (Hitrans) – the statutory regional transport partnership covering Eilean Siar (Western Isles), Orkney, Highland, Moray and most of the Argyll and Bute area.
  • Highlife Highland – a regional organisation in Scotland, responsible for cultural and sports provision in the Highland Council area. Its activities include running libraries, museums and leisure centres.
  • Highland Third Sector Interface (HTSI) – an independent charity which supports, encourages and inspires work with community groups, clubs, charities and other third sector organisations throughout the Highlands.
  • Keep Scotland Beautiful (KSB) – a charity devoted to Scotland's environment, with a vision for a clean, green, sustainable Scotland. The charity has three goals: to combat climate change, tackle litter and waste, and protect and enhance the places people live, work and visit.
  • Local Authorities (LAs) – local authorities in Scotland provide a range of public services, such as education, housing and planning, social care, roads and transport, economic development, environmental protection, and waste management. There are five local authorities within the National Park boundary – Aberdeenshire, Angus, Highland, Moray, and Perth and Kinross – home to around 18,000 people in total. 
  • Managing for Visitors Group – the Park Authority and its partners worked alongside the national #RespectProtectEnjoy campaign and the regional #CairngormsTogether framework to develop ‘Managing for Visitors’ plans for key areas in the National Park for spring and summer 2021. These plans were designed to provide a warm welcome and support exceptional experiences for the public to enjoy the outdoors; mitigate any negative impacts from increased recreation in sensitive or popular sites; reduce potential conflict between residents and visitors; promote collaboration across estate and organisational boundaries ensuring a positive visitor experience; and agree visitor infrastructure priorities for the area.
  • National Farmers’ Union of Scotland (NFUS) – an organisation that promotes and protects the interests of the country's farming industry. It has approximately 10,000 members who are farmers, crofters and others involved in Scottish agriculture.
  • National Health Service Scotland (NHS) – the publicly-funded healthcare system in Scotland, and one of the four systems which make up the National Health Service in the UK. It operates fourteen territorial NHS boards across Scotland, seven special non-geographic health boards and NHS Health Scotland.
  • NatureScot (NS) – formerly known as Scottish Natural Heritage, NatureScot is the public body responsible for Scotland's natural heritage, especially its natural, genetic and scenic diversity.
  • Nestrans – the Transport Partnership for Aberdeen City and Shire, developing and delivering a long-term transport strategy for the region. Nestrans also take forward strategic transport improvements that support and improve the economy, environment and quality of life across Aberdeen City and Shire.
  • Palladium Investment Group – Palladium work with governments, communities, civil society, corporations and investors to formulate strategies, build partnerships and implement programmes that have a lasting social and financial impact. In July 2021, the group embarked on a unique partnership with the UK’s National Parks and secured funding for its first three nature restoration pilots in the Cairngorms, New Forest and North York Moors National Parks. 
  • Paths for All – a Scottish charity which champions everyday walking for a happier, healthier, greener Scotland.
  • Police Scotland – the national police force of Scotland. It was formed in 2013, with the merger of eight regional police forces in Scotland, as well as the specialist services of the Scottish Police Services Authority, including the Scottish Crime and Drug Enforcement Agency.
  • Quality Meat Scotland (QMS) – an executive non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government. It promotes the red meat sector and markets the Scotch Beef and Scotch Lamb brands.
  • Rural Housing Scotland (RHS) – a national charity which supports community action on rural housing issues by providing practical support for community-led housing initiatives and campaigning to secure more affordable housing in rural Scotland.
  • Scottish Enterprise (SE) – a non-departmental public body of the Scottish Government which encourages economic development, enterprise, innovation and investment in business.
  • Scottish Fire and Rescue Service (SFRS) – the national fire and rescue service of Scotland. It was formed by the merger of eight regional fire services in the country on 1 April 2013.
  • Scottish Forestry (SF) – is the public body responsible for forestry regulation, policy and support to private landowners in Scotland. It was formed on 1 April 2019, to take over some of the responsibilities of Forestry Commission Scotland, which was dissolved.
  • Scottish Gamekeepers’ Association (SGA) – represents Scotland’s gamekeepers, stalkers, ghillies, wildlife managers and rangers. The association represents and defends the interests of its members and promotes education and best practice in gamekeeping, highlighting the contribution its members make to Scotland’s economy, environment, biodiversity and larder.
  • Scottish Land and Estates (SLE) – Scottish Land and Estates champion and support rural businesses that provide economic, social and environmental benefit to the countryside. From campsites to community owners to country estates, their members represent a diverse community passionate in promoting rural Scotland.
  • Scottish Land Commission (SLC) – a non-departmental public body working to create a Scotland where everybody can benefit from the ownership and use of the nation’s land and buildings. The Commission works with a wide range of stakeholders to stimulate fresh thinking, support change on the ground and, where appropriate, make recommendations to Scottish Ministers for legislative and policy change. 
  • Scottish Land Fund – supports rural and urban communities to become more resilient and sustainable through the ownership and management of land and land assets. Funded by the Scottish Government and delivered in partnership by The National Lottery Community Fund and Highlands and Islands Enterprise, it offers grants of up to £1 million to help communities take ownership of the land and buildings that matter to them, as well as practical support to develop their aspirations into viable projects.
  • Skills Development Scotland (SDS) – the national skills agency of Scotland, helping people achieve career success and supporting businesses with their goals and growth.
  • Sustrans – a UK walking and cycling charity, and the custodian of the National Cycle Network. Its flagship project is the National Cycle Network, which has created 12,763 miles of signed cycle routes throughout the UK, including 5,273 miles of traffic-free paths.
  • Transport Scotland – the national transport agency for Scotland, delivering the Scottish Government's vision for transport.
  • VisitScotland (VS) – the national tourism organisation for Scotland. Their main aim is to contribute significantly to the advancement of Scottish tourism by giving it a presence in the global marketplace and benefiting the whole of Scotland.
  • Voluntary Action in Badenoch and Strathspey (VABS) – a local organisation whose mission is to support third sector organisations (community and voluntary groups, social enterprises) throughout Badenoch and Strathspey. VABS is part of the Highland Third Sector Interface and has offices in Grantown-on-Spey.
  • Volunteer Cairngorms – run by the Park Authority, Volunteer Cairngorms supports and develops volunteering opportunities for nature and the environment across the National Park.
  • Wellbeing Economy Alliance Scotland (WEAll) – a collaboration of organisations, alliances, movements and individuals working towards a well-being economy, delivering human and ecological well-being.
  • Wildlife Estates Scotland (WES) – an initiative, led by Scottish Land and Estates, which aims to promote the best habitat and wildlife management practices, build recognition and raise standards through the introduction of an objective accreditation system.
  • Zero Waste Scotland (ZWS) – a not-for-profit environmental organisation, funded by the Scottish Government and European Regional Development Fund, Zero Waste Scotland exists to lead Scotland to use products and resources responsibly. Using evidence and insight, they inform policy and motivate individuals and businesses to embrace the environmental, economic and social benefits of a circular economy.

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